Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)
The Faculty of Dentistry offers advanced study leading to the PhD in Craniofacial Science through one of the following areas of study:
- Research in Population Health will explore the complex interactions (social, cultural, environmental) that affect the oral health of individuals, communities and populations.
- Oral health related clinical research includes both interventional and observational studies focusing on the following: disease prevention, diagnosis, risk, treatment, prognosis and health care.
- Basic science research in the areas of biomaterials, cell biology, developmental biology, microbiology and molecular biology is available.
Admission Information & Requirements
In order to apply to this program, the following components may be required.
All applicants must complete an online application form and pay the application fee to be considered for admission to UBC.
Minimum Academic Requirements
The Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies establishes the minimum admission requirements common to all applicants, usually a minimum overall average in the B+ range (76% at UBC). The graduate program that you are applying to may have additional requirements. Please review the specific requirements for applicants with credentials from institutions in:
Each program may set higher academic minimum requirements. Meeting the minimum requirements does not guarantee admission as it is a competitve process.
Letters of Reference
A minimum of three references are required for application to graduate programs at UBC. References should be requested from individuals who are prepared to provide a report on your academic ability and qualifications.
Statement of Interest
Many programs require a statement of interest, sometimes called a "statement of intent", "description of research interests" or something similar.
English Language Proficiency
Applicants from a university outside Canada in which English is not the primary language of instruction must provide results of an English language proficiency examination as part of their application. Tests must have been taken within the last 24 months at the time of submission of your application.
Minimum requirements for the two most common English language proficiency tests to apply to this program are listed below:
Students in research-based programs usually require a faculty member to function as their supervisor. Depending on program, applicants either reach out to faculty members directly or the program supports this process in different ways.
Test Scores (GRE / GMAT or similar)
Some programs require additional test scores such as the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or the Graduate Management Test (GMAT). The requirements for this program are:
Prior degree requirements
Applicants for the Ph.D. degree must hold a D.D.S., D.M.D., M.D., or D.V.M., or equivalent, or an M.Sc. in dental science or a related discipline.
Permanent Residents of Canada must provide a clear photocopy of both sides of the Permanent Resident card.
GRE is not required for this program.
Deadline to submit online application. No changes can be made to the application after submission.Transcript Deadline
Deadline to upload scans of official transcripts through the applicant portal in support of a submitted application. Information for accessing the applicant portal will be provided after submitting an online application for admission.Referee Deadline
Deadline for the referees identified in the application for admission to submit references. See Letters of Reference for more information.
September 2020 Intake
Application Open Date08 October 2019
All full-time students who begin a UBC-Vancouver PhD program in September 2018 or later will be provided with a funding package of at least $18,000 for each of the first four years of their PhD. The funding package may consist of any combination of internal or external awards, teaching-related work, research assistantships, and graduate academic assistantships. Please note that many graduate programs provide funding packages that are substantially greater than $18,000 per year. Please check with your prospective graduate program for specific details of the funding provided to its PhD students.
Applicants to UBC have access to a variety of funding options, including merit-based (i.e. based on your academic performance) and need-based (i.e. based on your financial situation) opportunities.
We encourage all applicants to review the awards listing to identify potential opportunities to fund your graduate education. The database lists merit-based scholarships and awards and allows for filtering by various criteria, such as domestic vs. international or degree level.
In addition to scholarships and awards, applicants may be eligible to apply for financial aid or other benefits in the form of loans, bursaries, tax credits, or similar.
20 students graduated between 2005 and 2013. Of these, career information was obtained for 18 alumni (based on research conducted between Feb-May 2016):
RI (Research-Intensive) Faculty: typically tenure-track faculty positions (equivalent of the North American Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor positions) in PhD-granting institutions
TI (Teaching-Intensive) Faculty: typically full-time faculty positions in colleges or in institutions not granting PhDs, and teaching faculty at PhD-granting institutions
Term Faculty: faculty in term appointments (e.g. sessional lecturers, visiting assistant professors, etc.)
Sample Employers in Higher EducationUniversity of British Columbia (4)
University of Victoria
King Saud University
University of Northern British Columbia
University of Alberta
Nova Southeastern University
University of Pittsburgh
Sample Employers Outside Higher EducationFamily Dental Centres
Univision Communications Inc.
BC Cancer Agency
BC Academy of Medical Aesthetics and Skin Care Inc.
Sample Job Titles Outside Higher EducationDentist (2)
PhD Career Outcome SurveyYou may view the full report on career outcomes of UBC PhD graduates on outcomes.grad.ubc.ca.
DisclaimerThis program underwent a name or structural change in the study time frame, and all alumni from the previous program were included in these summaries. These data represent historical employment information and do not guarantee future employment prospects for graduates of this program. They are for informational purposes only. Data were collected through either alumni surveys or internet research.
Tuition / Program Costs
|Fees||Canadian Citizen / Permanent Resident / Refugee / Diplomat||International|
|Installments per year||3||3|
|Tuition per installment||$1,698.56||$2,984.09|
|Tuition per year|
(plus annual increase, usually 2%-5%)
|Int. Tuition Award (ITA) per year (if eligible)||$3,200.00 (-)|
|Other Fees and Costs|
|Student Fees (yearly)||$944.51 (approx.)|
|Costs of living (yearly)||starting at $16,954.00 (check cost calculator)|
All fees for the year are subject to adjustment and UBC reserves the right to change any fees without notice at any time, including tuition and student fees. Tuition fees are reviewed annually by the UBC Board of Governors. In recent years, tuition increases have been 2% for continuing domestic students and between 2% and 5% for continuing international students. New students may see higher increases in tuition. Admitted students who defer their admission are subject to the potentially higher tuition fees for incoming students effective at the later program start date. In case of a discrepancy between this webpage and the UBC Calendar, the UBC Calendar entry will be held to be correct.
Upcoming Doctoral Exams
Tuesday, 4 February 2020 - 9:00am - Room 203
This list shows faculty members with full supervisory privileges who are affiliated with this program. It is not a comprehensive list of all potential supervisors as faculty from other programs or faculty members without full supervisory privileges can request approvals to supervise graduate students in this program.
Aleksejuniene, Jolanta (Theory-based behavioural management, Evidence-based Practice, Caries risk assessment, ePortfolio learning, Oral Epidemiology)
Almeida, Fernanda (Sleep and Sleep Disorders, oral appliances for snoring and sleep apnea, sleep apnea, diagnosis, edentulism, craniofacial characteristics in sleep apnea)
Bromme, Dieter (Lysosomal proteases, centre for blood research )
Brondani, Mario (Community Health / Public Health, Dental Health, Social Determinants of Health, Health Policies, Quality of Life and Aging, Adult Education and Continuing Education, Dental Public Health, Health Policy, Dental Education, Dental Geriatrics, Access to care)
Bryant, S (Prosthodontics, Geriatrics, Patient-based assessments, Oral implants, Jawbone densitometry)
Carvalho, Rick (Biomaterials, Dental Materials)
Coil, Jeffrey Martin (Pulp Biology, Endodontic Materials)
Donnelly, Leeann (Oral Malodor, Special Care Populations, Community Oral Health Education and Program Development)
Ford, Nancy (Imaging, Biomedical Technologies, micro-computed tomography, physiological gating, models of respiratory disease, image-based measurements, dental imaging, x-ray imaging)
Haapasalo, Markus (Novel strategies to eradicate oral biofilms)
Hakkinen, Lari (Cell Therapy, Cell Signaling, Connective Tissue, Wound Healing, Tissue regeneration, Fibroblasts, MSC, Extracellular matrix, Cell to cell communication, Oral mucosa and skin)
Kim, Hugh (platelet biochemistry)
Larjava, Hannu (Wound healing)
Laronde, Denise (Oral cancer screening; risk prediction; access to care for oral health services; head and neck survivorship)
MacDonald, David (Systematic review, Diagnostic radiology, particularly of the Hong Kong Chinese)
Macdougall, Mary (molecular mechanisms associated with epithelial mesenchymal interactions, identification of critical signaling pathways, matrix formation and biomineralization)
Mathu-Muju, Kavita (Public Health Dentistry, Clinical Pediatric Dentistry)
Matthew, Ian (Dental Education, biomaterials; implantology)
Nguyen, Caroline (Cancer patient treatment and rehabilitation outcomes; oral side effects of treatments and medications in cancer patients and the elderly)
Overall, Christopher Mark (Blood research, antiviral immunity)
Pliska, Benjamin (Sleep and Sleep Disorders, Oro-Dental Disorders, Facial growth and development, sleep medicine)
Poh, Catherine (Optical Techniques and oral precancer management)
Recent Doctoral Citations
- Dr. Abbas Ali Jessani
"Dr. Jessani studied the oral health needs and services of people living with HIV in British Columbia. His results identified three quarters of this population had unmet dental treatment needs, half of the respondents had not visited a dentist with in the last year and half had experienced some kind of discrimination by their oral health providers." (May 2019)
- Dr. Leigha Duree Rock
"Dr. Rock advanced the risk stratification of oral precancerous lesions by examining different associations between microscopic diagnosis, molecular features, risk habits, clinical lesion characteristics over time and progression to cancer. This research provides a new framework to integrate lesion change over time into risk models." (November 2018)
- Dr. Rana Tarzemany
"Dr. Tarzemany studied the function of a protein that mediates cell communication in wound healing in skin and oral mucosa, and its relevance for scar formation. Findings from her project may be used to develop effective and predictable therapeutic modalities to prevent and treat scars." (May 2018)
- Dr. Sonja Stojicic
"Dr. Stojicic studied bacteria that are the main cause of tooth decay, periodontal and root canal infections. Her research contributed to finding the most efficient way for killing bacteria and curing dental diseases. Research findings documented in her thesis will be of great benefit both for dental practitioners and patients, to keep teeth healthy." (November 2013)
- Dr. Bruce Barclay Wallace
"Dr. Wallace explored the expansion of community dental clinics in British Columbia, and their potential to respond to oral health inequities. He found that the clinics are helping to provide dentistry to underserved populations. However, the services are limited, and Dr. Wallace recommends government policy that integrates dentistry within health equity agendas." (November 2012)