Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)
The Faculty of Dentistry offers advanced study leading to the PhD in Craniofacial Science through one of the following areas of study:
- Research in Population Health will explore the complex interactions (social, cultural, environmental) that affect the oral health of individuals, communities and populations.
- Oral health related clinical research includes both interventional and observational studies focusing on the following: disease prevention, diagnosis, risk, treatment, prognosis and health care.
- Basic science research in the areas of biomaterials, cell biology, developmental biology, microbiology and molecular biology is available.
TOEFL (ibT) Overall Score Requirement
IELTS Overall Score Requirement
Prior degree requirements
Applicants for the Ph.D. degree must hold a D.D.S., D.M.D., M.D., or D.V.M., or equivalent, or an M.Sc. in dental science or a related discipline.
20 students graduated between 2005 and 2013. Of these, career information was obtained for 18 alumni (based on research conducted between Feb-May 2016):
RI (Research-Intensive) Faculty: typically tenure-track faculty positions (equivalent of the North American Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor positions) in PhD-granting institutions
TI (Teaching-Intensive) Faculty: typically full-time faculty positions in colleges or in institutions not granting PhDs, and teaching faculty at PhD-granting institutions
Term Faculty: faculty in term appointments (e.g. sessional lecturers, visiting assistant professors, etc.)
Sample Employers in Higher EducationUniversity of British Columbia (4)
University of Victoria
King Saud University
University of Northern British Columbia
University of Alberta
Nova Southeastern University
University of Pittsburgh
Sample Employers Outside Higher EducationFamily Dental Centres
Univision Communications Inc.
BC Cancer Agency
BC Academy of Medical Aesthetics and Skin Care Inc.
Sample Job Titles Outside Higher EducationDentist (2)
PhD Career Outcome SurveyYou may view the full report on career outcomes of UBC PhD graduates on outcomes.grad.ubc.ca.
DisclaimerThis program underwent a name or structural change in the study time frame, and all alumni from the previous program were included in these summaries. These data represent historical employment information and do not guarantee future employment prospects for graduates of this program. They are for informational purposes only. Data were collected through either alumni surveys or internet research.
Tuition / Program Costs
|Fees||Canadian Citizen / Permanent Resident / Refugee / Diplomat||International|
|Installments per year||3||3|
|Tuition per installment||$1,600.60||$2,811.98|
|Tuition per year||$4,801.80||$8,435.94|
|Int. Tuition Award (ITA) per year (if eligible)||$3,200.00 (-)|
|Other Fees and Costs|
|Student Fees (yearly)||$899.00 (approx.)|
|Costs of living (yearly)||starting at $16,453.00 (check cost calculator)|
All fees for the year are subject to adjustment and UBC reserves the right to change any fees without notice at any time, including tuition and student fees. In case of a discrepancy between this webpage and the UBC Calendar, the UBC Calendar entry will be held to be correct.
Affiliated Faculty Members
Bromme, Dieter (Lysosomal proteases, centre for blood research )
Diewert, Virginia (Prenatal craniofacial growth and development, cleft lip and cleft palate)
Haapasalo, Markus (Novel strategies to eradicate oral biofilms)
Hakkinen, Lari (periodontal tissues; wound healing; cell and molecular biology of wound healing and interactions of cells with extracellular matrix, Cell and Molecular Biology of Wound Healing)
Larjava, Hannu (Wound healing)
MacDonald, David (Systematic review, Diagnostic radiology, particularly of the Hong Kong Chinese)
Overall, Christopher Mark (Blood research, antiviral immunity)
Poh, Fang-Yeu (Optical Techniques and oral precancer management)
Putnins, Edward (Bone marrow stem cells, epithelial cells)
Richman, Joy Marion (Developmental biology, craniofacial development, Evo-Devo, reptilian tooth development, chicken embryo limb development)
Roberts, Clive (Extracellular matrix remodelling and cell biology in inflammation, fibrosis, and wound healing)
Rucker, Lance (dental ergonomics, clinical ergonomics, dental hypnosis, clinical hypnosis, simulation education, dental clinical simulation, dendrology (xylology), Clinical ergonomics)
Ruse, N Dorin (dental materials, adhesion, biocompatibility, amalgam, mercury, dental composites, Engineering, biomaterials, fracture mechanics, fatigue)
Shah, Ravindra (Oral history and embryology, cell and developmental biology, signal transduction, gene expression)
Shuler, Charles (Oral cancer and gene therapy)
Sweet, David (oral diagnosis, dental examination and needs assessment, student support and advocacy, forensic science, forensic biology (DNA), forensic odontology, forensic dentistry, disaster victim identification physical examination of dental patients, determination of normal versus abnormal dental clinical findings, response capacity to man-made or natural disasters, human identification methods, forensic evidence, forensic analysis methods, Forensic DNA from teeth, bones and saliva, human bite-mark forensic evidence, use of dental characteristics in human identification)
Recent Doctoral Citations
- Dr. Sonja Stojicic
"Dr. Stojicic studied bacteria that are the main cause of tooth decay, periodontal and root canal infections. Her research contributed to finding the most efficient way for killing bacteria and curing dental diseases. Research findings documented in her thesis will be of great benefit both for dental practitioners and patients, to keep teeth healthy.." (November 2013)
- Dr. Bruce Barclay Wallace
"Dr. Wallace explored the expansion of community dental clinics in British Columbia, and their potential to respond to oral health inequities. He found that the clinics are helping to provide dentistry to underserved populations. However, the services are limited, and Dr. Wallace recommends government policy that integrates dentistry within health equity agendas." (November 2012)
- Dr. Ajit Auluck
"Dr. Auluck studied human-papillo-maviral or HPV. He showed that incidence of HPV-related oral cancers have surpassed tobacco-related oral cancers among men in BC, particularly among South Asian men who chew tobacco. It is expected that this research will result in changes to screening methods, detection, treatment and management of oral cancers." (May 2012)
- Dr. Leeann Rachel Donnelly
"Dr. Donnelly explored the influence of oral health, body image, and social interactions of elders living in care facilities. Her findings expanded our understanding of how personal and environmental factors influence the social impact of oral conditions." (May 2012)
- Dr. Yanshuang Xie
"Dr Xie studied the functions of a particular integrin in wound healing. She found that this integrin inhibited keratinocyte proliferation in the epidermis and hair follicles during wound repair possibly via the modulation of epidermal stem cell behavior. This study suggests a manipulation target in the functions of epidermal stem cells." (May 2011)