Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)
The role of the immune microenvironment in oral carcinogenesis
There have been remarkable changes in dentistry in almost 60 years since the first class began, and the UBC Faculty of Dentistry has been instrumental in these advances in the oral health sciences. The Faculty of Dentistry is particularly well prepared to continue to make significant contributions to our profession’s body of knowledge through our active faculty research, outstanding curriculum and amongst the most technologically advanced dental clinics in the world in the world, the Nobel BioCare Oral Health Centre.
UBC Dentistry is committed to delivering outstanding research-intensive MSc and PhD graduate studies in the field of Craniofacial Science. Studies can be done in the areas of population health, oral health-related clinical research including both interventional and observational studies, and basic science research in the areas of biomaterials, cell biology, developmental biology, microbiology and molecular biology.
Our clinical training programs include endodontics, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, and prosthodontics. Specialty training must be completed in combination with an MSc or PhD degree. These programs complement our General Practice Residency Program and Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology Residency Program. Our combined educational approach ensures that newly graduated clinicians are well prepared to critically evaluate new treatment modalities as they are developed, and participate actively in clinical research.
Opened in March 2006, the Nobel Biocare Oral Health Centre is the hub of UBC Dentistry patient care and clinical learning. The 39,000 sq. ft clinical facility accommodates 144 operatories, a state-of-the-art central sterilization dispensary, as well as a suite of seminar rooms, clinical laboratories and radiology units. A networked chairside software system manages patient information and stores digital images. The Nobel Biocare Oral Health Centre uses state-of-the-art technology and an innovative architectural design to create a modern, efficient space for clinical learning, community service and research.
UBC Dentistry’s areas of excellence are grouped in three research clusters:
|Aleksejuniene, Jolanta||Theory-based behavioural management, Evidence-based Practice, Caries risk assessment, ePortfolio learning, Oral Epidemiology|
|Almeida, Fernanda||Dentistry and oral health; Sleep and Sleep Disorders; craniofacial characteristics in sleep apnea; diagnosis; edentulism; oral appliances for snoring and sleep apnea; sleep apnea|
|Bromme, Dieter||Lysosomal proteases, centre for blood research|
|Brondani, Mario||Dentistry and oral health; Community Health / Public Health; Dental Health; social determinants of health; Health Policies; Quality of Life and Aging; Adult Education and Continuing Education; Epidemiology; Access to care; Dental Education; Dental Geriatrics; Dental Public Health; Epidemiological data; Health Policy; Qualitative research|
|Bryant, S||Prosthodontics, Geriatrics, Patient-based assessments, Oral implants, Jawbone densitometry|
|Carvalho, Rick||Other health sciences, n.e.c.; Biomaterials; materials interfaces; bonding to hard tissues; materials development|
|Coil, Jeffrey Martin||Pulp Biology, Endodontic Materials|
|Donnelly, Leeann||Oral Malodor, Special Care Populations, Community Oral Health Education and Program Development|
|Ford, Nancy||Medical physics; Medical biotechnology diagnostics (including biosensors); Dental materials and equipment; micro-computed tomography; physiological gating; contrast agents; models of respiratory disease; image-based measurements; dental imaging; x-ray imaging|
|Haapasalo, Markus||Novel strategies to eradicate oral biofilms|
|Hakkinen, Lari||Dentistry and oral health; Cell signaling; Cell therapy; Cell to cell communication; Connective Tissue; Extracellular matrix; Fibroblasts, MSC; Oral mucosa and skin; Tissue regeneration; Wound Healing|
|Kim, Hugh||platelet biochemistry|
|Larjava, Hannu||Wound healing|
|Laronde, Denise||Cancer; oral cancer screening; malignant transformation; early detection; oral premalignant lesions|
|MacDonald, David||Systematic review, Diagnostic radiology, particularly of the Hong Kong Chinese|
|Macdougall, Mary||molecular mechanisms associated with epithelial mesenchymal interactions, identification of critical signaling pathways, matrix formation and biomineralization|
|Mathu-Muju, Kavita||Public Health Dentistry, Clinical Pediatric Dentistry|
|Matthew, Ian||Dental Education, biomaterials; implantology|
|Mostafa, Nesrine||Digital dentistry; tissue engineering options for bone regeneration|
|Nguyen, Caroline||Cancer patient treatment and rehabilitation outcomes; oral side effects of treatments and medications in cancer patients and the elderly|
|Overall, Christopher Mark||Blood research, antiviral immunity|
|Pigozzo Manso, Adriana||Dentistry and oral health; Color shade in resin composite; Dental adhesive interfaces; Resin dentin bond stability|
|Pliska, Benjamin||Dentistry and oral health; Sleep and Sleep Disorders; Oro-Dental Disorders; Facial growth and development; sleep medicine|
|Poh, Catherine||Optical Techniques and oral precancer management|
|Putnins, Edward||Dentistry and oral health; Oro-Dental Disorders; Chronic mucosal inflammation; Monoamine oxidase Inhibitor development as anti-inflammatories|
This is an incomplete sample of recent publications in chronological order by UBC faculty members with a primary appointment in the Faculty of Dentistry.
|2020||Dr. Al-Sahan identified that the integration of five biopsychosocial theories can help explain how people cope and adapt to loss of visible body parts. She subsequently applied the theories in the context of coping with complete tooth loss thereby proposing a model that explains the process of coping with tooth loss.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Prosthodontics (PhD/Dip. Prosthodontics)|
|2020||Dr. Danescu established novel microscopic methods to visualize the embryonic face as it develops. He was able to see coordinated and symmetrical patterns of cell behaviour and observe how specific drugs block cell movements. The insights from his work will impact our understanding of normal and abnormal facial development.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)|
|2020||Dr. Ahmed investigated the effects of preparation design and sintering on the marginal accuracy of zirconia crowns, and established an innovative method for measuring the shrinkage of zirconia crowns during processing. This research provides valuable knowledge for achieving precise fit and improving the clinical success of zirconia restorations.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Prosthodontics (PhD/Dip. Prosthodontics)|
|2020||Dr. Bi investigated cell behavior in the regulation of periodontal disease. He found that a receptor molecule plays a central role in the regulation of periodontal inflammation and bone loss through transforming growth factor and epidermal growth factor receptor signaling. This research will impact treatment methods for periodontal diseases.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)|
|2019||Dr. Jessani studied the oral health needs and services of people living with HIV in British Columbia. His results identified three quarters of this population had unmet dental treatment needs, half of the respondents had not visited a dentist with in the last year and half had experienced some kind of discrimination by their oral health providers.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)|
|2018||Dr. Salimi conducted an 18 year review of outcomes related to cleft lip and palate patients treated at BC's Children's Hospital in order to evaluate the incidence and potential risk of fistula development. She further developed a protocol for comprehensive follow up of cleft lip and palate patients in the shape of a standardized assessment form.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Orthodontics (PhD/Dip. Orthodontics)|
|2018||Dr. Rock advanced the risk stratification of oral precancerous lesions by examining different associations between microscopic diagnosis, molecular features, risk habits, clinical lesion characteristics over time and progression to cancer. This research provides a new framework to integrate lesion change over time into risk models.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)|
|2018||Dr. Tarzemany studied the function of a protein that mediates cell communication in wound healing in skin and oral mucosa, and its relevance for scar formation. Findings from her project may be used to develop effective and predictable therapeutic modalities to prevent and treat scars.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)|
|2013||Dr. Stojicic studied bacteria that are the main cause of tooth decay, periodontal and root canal infections. Her research contributed to finding the most efficient way for killing bacteria and curing dental diseases. Research findings documented in her thesis will be of great benefit both for dental practitioners and patients, to keep teeth healthy.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)|
|2012||Dr. Wallace explored the expansion of community dental clinics in British Columbia, and their potential to respond to oral health inequities. He found that the clinics are helping to provide dentistry to underserved populations. However, the services are limited, and Dr. Wallace recommends government policy that integrates dentistry within health equity agendas.||Doctor of Philosophy in Craniofacial Science (PhD)|
The COVID-19 pandemic has shed a light on the fragility and limitations of our global health systems, particularly for the vulnerable seniors population. When COVID-19 began, dental care for residents of long-term care facilities all but stopped, even though oral health is critical. However, the...