Role of the External Examiner
- Assesses whether the dissertation meets the criteria for a successful dissertation, as outlined in the Instructions for the External Examiner's Report and with reference to the expectations regarding the scope and structure of a doctoral dissertation at UBC.
- Provides a review of the strengths and weaknesses of the dissertation and recommends revisions (as appropriate).
- Makes a recommendation to the Dean of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies on whether the Candidate should proceed to Final Oral Defence.
- Participates in the Final Oral Examination whenever possible. If not possible, submits questions to be asked of the Candidate by the Research Supervisor.
Nominating the External Examiner
The Candidate's Supervisor and Graduate Program Advisor nominate at least two (but preferably three) people for the role of External Examiner. Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies will select and invite the External Examiner.
External Examiners are nominated using the Nominations for External Examiner form. This form should be submitted to Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies approximately 8 weeks prior to the intended date of submission of the dissertation for external examination. Failure to provide this advanced notice is likely to result in delays in the later stages of the examination process. External Examiners are busy content experts and confirming one on short notice can prove quite difficult. The external review cannot begin until Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies has an approved External Examiner confirmed to review the dissertation.
To coordinate a submission with particular program end dates, degree awarding dates or graduation ceremonies, please consult the Doctoral Deadlines.
External Examiner nominees should not be contacted by the Candidate, Research Supervisor or Graduate Program prior to submitting the nomination form. Invitations to serve in this role must be initiated by Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies.
Eligibility Requirements for External Examiner
The Research Supervisor and Graduate Program are responsible for nominating well-qualified, objective, experienced individuals not associated or affiliated with UBC. Reflecting the importance of this role, it is imperative the External Examiner:
- Have an established reputation in the area of the dissertation research and be able to judge whether the dissertation is acceptable at a university comparable to UBC.
- Have had previous experience with the supervision and examination of doctoral students.
- Hold a PhD or a degree at the same level which the Candidate is pursuing.
- Hold the rank of Full, Associate, or Emeritus Professor (or the equivalent if outside North America) at a university that offers the degree the Candidate seeks, or have comparable expertise and standing if not at a university.
- Have not acted as External Examiner in the Candidate's graduate program or for a Candidate with the same Research Supervisor in the past three years.
If a nominee is not currently associated with a university, she/he should have some previous university affiliation. In these cases, please attach a brief CV or include a statement outlining the relevant qualifications of the nominee.
A brief rationale must be provided for each nominee indicating the special field(s) of expertise and achievements of each nominee. This may include a list of publications by the nominee that are of central importance or are closely related to the Candidate's research.
Arm’s Length Requirements for External Examiner
A person is ineligible to serve as External Examiner if, with respect to the Candidate or any member of the Candidate’s Supervisory Committee, she/he is:
- a close friend or relative; or
- a research collaborator and/or co-author within the past 6 years; or
- an institutional colleague within the past 6 years; or
- a former supervisor (for the Candidate, Supervisor or Co-Supervisor only); or
- a person who has offered future employment or mentorship to the Candidate; or
- a former student; or
- involved in a dispute; or
- involved in a partnership.
Independence of Assessment
Prior to the Final Doctoral Oral Defence the Research Supervisor, Graduate Program, and Candidate must scrupulously avoid discussing the dissertation’s merits or academic content with the External Examiner. Any such contact initiated by the External Examiner should be redirected to the Doctoral Exams Coordinator without delay.
Identity of the External Examiner
The Candidate should not know the identity of the External Examiner until after the dissertation has been submitted to Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies and transmitted for external examination.
Participation in the Oral Defence
The External Examiner's participation in a Candidate's Final Oral Defence offers the opportunity for a valuable dialogue about the dissertation and the research it presents. Therefore, the participation of the External Examiner in the Final Oral Defence is encouraged, but it is not required. See Scheduling the Final Oral Defence for more information.
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