Formatting Requirements

All theses must comply with specific formatting requirements in order to be approved and accepted by the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, the UBC Library, and Library and Archives Canada.

Warning: do not copy the specifications and/or formatting of theses written by other students in your program. Previously submitted theses may not conform to these requirements. Necessary changes may have been made only to the copy destined for the library, and versions held by the program may contain errors.

Please refer to Style Guides and Computer Tools and Resources for Thesis Preparation and Checking for more information.

IMPORTANT: You must indicate paragraphs throughout the preliminary pages and in the body of the thesis either by indenting the first line or by leaving a larger space between paragraphs than there is between lines.

Failure to comply with all thesis specifications and formatting requirements may delay your graduation. Unless the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies has given consent in advance, theses that do not comply with these specifications will not be approved.

Supplementary material: "Supplementary material" refers to material that cannot be included in the PDF of your thesis. It usually consists of electronic material such as audio/video files or data files. It must be relevant to the subject matter of your thesis. See Submitting Supplementary Material at the bottom of Final Dissertation & Thesis Submission for information.

Joint PhDs: If you are completing a Joint PhD, please contact for additional specific formatting requirements.