Jacquelyn Cragg

Assistant Professor

Research Interests

data science
open science
Causal inference
Drug Effectiveness
Drug Safety
Epidemiology
neuro-epidemiology
Neurological diseases
Spinal cord injury
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
multiple sclerosis
Parkinson’s disease

Relevant Degree Programs

Affiliations to Research Centres, Institutes & Clusters

Research Options

I am available and interested in collaborations (e.g. clusters, grants).
I am interested in and conduct interdisciplinary research.
I am interested in working with undergraduate students on research projects.
 
 

Research Methodology

Longitudinal analysis
Meta-analysis
Statistical learning
Recursive partitioning
Survival Analysis
Causal inference

Recruitment

Master's students
Doctoral students
Postdoctoral Fellows
Any time / year round

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ADVICE AND INSIGHTS FROM UBC FACULTY ON REACHING OUT TO SUPERVISORS

These videos contain some general advice from faculty across UBC on finding and reaching out to a supervisor.

Graduate Student Supervision

Master's Student Supervision

Theses completed in 2010 or later are listed below. Please note that there is a 6-12 month delay to add the latest theses.

Sex differences in the risk of heart disease among individuals with spinal cord injury (2022)

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating neurological condition for which there is not yet a cure. In the SCI population, the sex distribution is disproportional with a male-to-female ratio of approximately 3:1. In addition to motor paralysis and sensory dysfunction, SCI causes significant autonomic dysregulation of the heart and vasculature. There is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among individuals with SCI compared with the general population, though there is a paucity of evidence on sex differences. Utilizing three databases, this thesis contributes to the field of knowledge by examining sex differences in the risk of heart disease among individuals with SCI and examining if sex differences are amplified by SCI, lesion level, or completeness of injury. First, population-level data from the cross-sectional Canadian Community Health Survey were examined through multivariable logistic regression models. Among the SCI population, male sex conferred a significantly increased odds of heart disease than female sex. Relative to the general population, SCI significantly amplified the sex-related differences in heart disease. Second, sex differences in the prevalence of recent heart disease among individuals with SCI, and its association with lesion level and completeness, were examined, utilizing the cross-sectional SCI Community Survey. Among this SCI population, male sex conferred a significantly increased odds of heart disease than female sex, though the association was not significant. Further, no significant sex-by-lesion level or sex-by-completeness interactions were found. Third, inpatient readmissions data from the Nationwide Readmissions Database with a prospective 1-year follow-up period were examined through survival analysis. Among patients admitted for SCI, male sex conferred an increased risk of ischemic heart disease readmission after adjusting for age and potential confounders, though the difference was not significant. Overall, there appears to be an association between sex and heart disease among individuals with SCI. These findings offer insight into the knowledge gap concerning sex-specific risk estimates of heart disease among individuals with SCI. Specifically, these results may reveal the need for sex-specific targeted CVD prevention strategies and may also inform a better understanding of CVD progression in both individuals with SCI and the general population.

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