Thesis Basics

Please review this section thoroughly.


Thesis text is normally written in English. Indigenous languages, French, and other languages that form the basis of the scholarly work are welcomed, as appropriate. If you wish to write primarily in a language other than English, please obtain the advanced approval of your graduate program and the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies.

In all cases of theses written primarily in languages other than English, the following are required:

  • an English translation of the title on the thesis title page and in cIRcle,
  • an abstract in English or French.

For doctoral students, the final oral exam is conducted primarily in English.

Personal Information

Please ensure that you remove all personal information from your thesis, e.g. email address, mailing or home address, etc. You must remove or black out all signatures in your thesis.