Calendar: http://www.calendar.ubc.ca/vancouver/index.cfm?tree=12,204,342,614

From the Calendar:

"Students may be exempted from specific course requirements if the graduate program is satisfied that the student has acquired the knowledge from courses previously taken or from experience. Exemptions do not reduce the total credits required for a degree. In such cases, the graduate program should substitute a more appropriate course. The exemption from the specific requirement must be recorded on the student's academic record."