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Assistant Professor, Political Science, University of British Columbia
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Master's Student Supervision
Theses completed in 2010 or later are listed below. Please note that there is a 6-12 month delay to add the latest theses.
Since the so-called “European migrant crisis” of 2015, the European Union (EU) has stepped up its attempts to curb irregular migration by enlisting third countries; a practice known as “border externalisation.” This thesis investigates how the EU’s border externalisation policies impact on freedom of movement within West Africa, a region with high internal migratory movements, due in part to the free movement protocol of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which 15 nations have signed. I argue that EU externalisation policies have inadvertently led to limits on movement within West Africa. Furthermore, by applying Fanon’s postcolonial theory, I also argue that these policies are a continuation of colonialist practices. This thesis adopts a qualitative approach by examining important migration agreements between the EU and African nations since 2000, presenting an illustrative case study, and using interviews with policymakers and migration experts. I find that the EU uses several coercive measures over West African countries to prioritise EU migration concerns, including financial incentives, aid conditionalities and threats of withholding development aid, which emphasise containment and securitisation over free mobility. In so doing, these policies are undemocratic and undermine ECOWAS’s regional sovereignty and self-determination which in turn hinders West Africa’s regional integration. However, the interviews challenged the dominant narrative of African countries as passive victims of EU policies by highlighting how African governments use the threat of migration to extract support for domestic policy priorities and development aid.
This thesis aims to assess the relationship between social media usage for news and electoral violence. Using survey evidence of recent Kenyan and Ugandan elections, this thesis will look at the potential indirect effects of social media usage for news on the conditions for electoral violence to take place, namely, mobilization and social interactions as theorized by Yanagizawa-Drott (2014). Using survey evidence, I first I examine the variation in social media usage within Kenya, focusing on the former province of Nyanza and the Western province. I then extend this analysis to Uganda, a country where social media usage is less widespread than Kenya. Finally, I use the Afrobarometer dataset to examine descriptive patterns using regression analysis. Here, I examine the relationship between using social media as a news source and the propensity to protest, the propensity to join others to organize, and fear of violence or intimidation during election cycles, in both Kenya and Uganda. I conclude with a short discussion of the implications of this research, namely, I consider what avenues exist for fledgling democracies and/or unconsolidated regimes in stemming widespread disinformation on online platforms.
- Navigating “Insider” and “Outsider” Status as Researchers Conducting Field Experiments (2022)
PS: Political Science & Politics,
- Prolonged Contact Does Not Reshape Locals’ Attitudes toward Migrants in Wartime Settings: Experimental Evidence from Afghanistan (2022)
- Self-Efficacy and Citizen Engagement in Development: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania (2022)
Journal of Experimental Political Science, , 1--18
- When Pandemic Threat Does Not Stoke Xenophobia: Evidence from a Panel Survey around COVID-19 in Colombia (2022)
- Left Out: How Political Ideology Affects Support for Migrants in Colombia (2021)
- Reexamining the Effect of Refugees on Civil Conflict: A Global Subnational Analysis (2021)
American Political Science Review, , 1--22
- Team and Nation: Sports, Nationalism, and Attitudes Toward Refugees (2021)
Comparative Political Studies, , 001041402199749
- When Refugee Presence Increases Incumbent Support through Development: Evidence from Uganda (2021)
- Can Economic Assistance Shape Combatant Support in Wartime? Experimental Evidence from Afghanistan (2020)
American Political Science Review, 114 (1), 126--143
- Design and Analysis of the Randomized Response Technique (2015)
Journal of the American Statistical Association,
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