Andre Lamontagne

Professor

Research Interests

Quebecois Literature
Literary Theory
Canadian Studies

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Graduate Student Supervision

Doctoral Student Supervision (Jan 2008 - May 2019)
Géographie des confins : espace et littérature chez Pierre Morency, Pierre Nepveu et Louis Hamelin (2010)

Cette étude interroge les différentes relations que la littérature québécoise contemporaine noue avec l’espace, et particulièrement les lieux de confins que rien ne semble prédisposer à une entrée en littérature : la campagne, la forêt, la petite ville et le Nord. Peu de recherches ont été menées sur ce que représentent ces espaces dans l’imaginaire contemporain. Ce sujet est d’autant plus crucial en littérature québécoise que ces “provinces littéraires” sont associées à des idéologies passéistes héritées de l’histoire littéraire du Québec (la “littérature du terroir”). Comment le poète et naturaliste Pierre Morency (1942-), le romancier Louis Hamelin (1959-) et l’écrivain et essayiste Pierre Nepveu (1945-) prennent en compte cet héritage pour écrire ces confins qui, depuis le début du XXe siècle, subissent de profonds changements ? L’étude s’attache à montrer comment s’élabore une vie intellectuelle qui permet au sujet d’adopter une attitude réflexive propice à l’écriture. Le premier chapitre expose après Beaudoin et Morency en quoi la question de la représentation de l’espace est problématique dans l’histoire littéraire québécoise. Dans le sillage des travaux de Genette, le second chapitre envisage le livre et le texte comme des espaces matériels. Un troisième chapitre étudie la description (Hamon) de quelques paysages privilégiés (Roger). Le dernier chapitre montre comment l’écriture des confins interroge la subjectivité en adoptant une perspective qui combine les approches philosophique (Heidegger), psychanalytique (Anzieu) et esthétique (Simard-Laflamme). La réflexion s’ouvre sur une mise en relation de ces textes avec le discours écologique contemporain.

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Sous le signe de la croix : un messianisme en mutation chez Andre Brochu, Hubert Aquin et Victor-Levy Beaulieu (2008)

Depuis la plantation de Ia croix a Gaspé par Jacques Cartier en 1534, actefondateur du Canada francais en tant que colonie francaise et catholique, le symbole deIa croix est devenu un référent identitaire québécois, évocateur de tout un contextehistorique, religieux et socioculturel. Tout en interrogeant l’arrière-plan socioculturel ettenant compte de Ia profondeur historique du patnmoine religieux québécois, les troiséléments sur lesquels se fonde ma recherche sont la representation de la croix,l’héritage de l’idéologie messianique et sa transformation dans l’espace de l’imaginaireromanesque québécois contemporain. La démarche que j ‘entreprends vise 1’ analysedétaillée de la portée symbolique, sémantique et rhétorique de Ia thématisation de Iacroix soigneusement mise en jeu dans trois romans parus après 1960: La Croix duNord d’André Brochu (1991), Neige noire de Hubert Aquin (1974) et Don Quichotte dela démanche de Victor-Levy Beaulieu (1974).L’objet de ma these se situe au cceur des relations qu’entretiennent la société, lediscours religieux et la littérature, et mon enquête découle d’abord d’une question:pourquoi le symbole de Ia croix continue-t-il a surgir dans la production littéraire d’unesociété séculière? Mon hypothêse générale est de postuler que le discours religieux, atravers une mutation des formes, n’a pas été évacué du roman québécois actuel, ni n’asimplement été réduit a un statut périphérique sans signification autre qu’ironique, maisqu’il est resté actif et influent, parfois latent et parfois manifeste, en tant que sous-texteou sous-discours. L’hypothèse d’interprétation mise ici a l’épreuve repose sur quelquesgrandes réflexions actuelles sur le phénomène du messianisme, en particulier celles deGiorgio Agamben présentées dans Le Temps qui reste, ainsi que sur les travauxfondamentaux de Walter Benjamin et de Gershom Scholem. A travers l’étude du motifcruciforme, je propose une relecture du roman québécois a la lumière de latransmutation du discours messianique, et je postule que le souverainisme québécois duvingtième siècle se traduit sur le plan culturel en messianisme littéraire; autrement dit,la these indépendantiste serait a la base de l’élaboration d’une littérature québécoisenationale, laquelle aurait trouvé son refuge dans le temps messianique.

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Master's Student Supervision (2010 - 2018)
L’échec du rêve américain : Volkswagen Blues, Une histoire américaine, On the Road et Detroit: An American Autopsy (2016)

This thesis investigates the failure of the American Dream through historical contexts, in particular that pertaining to African-American history, as well as by way of a corpus comprised of four main books, two by Québécois authors and two by American authors. These books include the following: Volkswagen Blues by Jacques Poulin, On the Road by Jack Kerouac, Une histoire américaine by Jacques Godbout and Detroit: An American Autopsy by Charlie LeDuff. Throughout the analysis conducted within this thesis, the failure of the American Dream was the main focus of discussion, both within literature and historically. The first part of the thesis is dedicated to the definition of the American Dream and who may achieve it. In general, anyone may accomplish it, however, whites, both historically and contemporarily, tend to have a better chance of doing so. The thesis then takes a historical look at the failure of the American Dream, specifically by way of the inequalities exemplified throughout African-American history from the 18th century to the present in comparison to the mistreatments of Québécois at the hands of Anglophone Canada. The next part takes a look at the failure of the American Dream from a literary point of view, demonstrating how the United States may at first glance seem to exemplify the realization of the American Dream. However, after further analysis, this American Dream turns out to be a failure due to many factors including government corruption, corporate greed and racial inequality. It was concluded that whether someone will achieve the American Dream depends on who is asked as well as their cultural, racial, social, economic, and historical backgrounds among other factors. In the end, the question one must ask oneself is the following: Does the concept of the American Dream still exist today?

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La présence intertextuelle d'Ernest Hemingway dans trois romans de Jacques Poulin (2012)

Our study is inspired by the ideas of the philosopher and literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin on dialogism and relates to the presence of Ernest Hemingway in the novels of Jacques Poulin: Volkswagen blues, Le vieux chagrin and Les yeux bleus de Mistassini. It analyses the intertextual relationship between the works of Hemingway and Poulin.The concept of dialogism in the work of the Quebec writer manifests itself in the relationship between the discourses and their interdependence. Furthermore, this concept manifests itself in the link between writing and reading, as well as in the personality of the writers/ characters. The discourse on writing crosses the novels in this study and particularly feeds on the intertexts Papa Hemingway, the biography written by A. E. Hotchner, and A Moveable Feast, the quasi-autobiography of Hemingway. We have established a comparison between Volkswagen blues, Le vieux chagrin and Les yeux bleus de Mistassini based upon the forms of references to Hemingway, and determined that the biographical fragments outnumber the paraphrases in each of these novels.A fictional Hemingway intertext of great importance in Poulin’s work is The Old Man And The Sea. Its discourse draws thematic parallels with novels of the Quebec writer. It shares with them the themes of solitude, dignity, affection, friendship, loyalty and the pursuit of happiness. As for the relevance of the Hemingway intertexts in the analysed novels of Poulin, we have determined that Papa Hemingway proves itself as the most useful intertext in the interpretation of Volkswagen blues and Le vieux chagrin. The contribution of Papa Hemingway in the creation of Les yeux bleus de Mistassini is similar to that of A Moveable Feast.

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