I am pursuing a PhD focused on carceral geography: a geographical perspective on spaces and practices of incarceration. I focus on the tension between punishment and education which creates the paradox of post-secondary education in women’s prisons: higher education promotes critical thinking and questioning while the prison protocol requires compliance and punishes women when they question authority.

Research Description

My proposed research takes up the concern of more fully understanding the possibilities of and impediments to extending post-secondary education to women prisoners in Canada. Under Dr. Geraldine Pratt in the UBC Department of Geography, I am pursuing a PhD focused on carceral geography: a geographical perspective on spaces and practices of incarceration. In particular I will focus on the tension between punishment and education which creates the paradox of post-secondary education in women’s prisons: higher education promotes critical thinking and questioning while the prison protocol requires compliance and punishes women when they question authority. During the period for which I will hold the scholarship I will be investigating models of post-secondary education in federal women’s prisons in Canada. The PSI funding will, in the first instance, fund weekly trips to Fraser Valley Institution, which is my primary site of investigation and innovation and is where I have enduring contact with medium security women prisoners. This is the institution where I have initiated educational programming. Trips to women’s prisons in Ontario and Manitoba will allow me to study firsthand the post-secondary programming that has been set up there.

What does being a Public Scholar mean to you?

Being a Public Scholar means that I am able to work at the intersection of community-based research/practice and academia. Being a Public Scholar means being able to ‘fold’ my research in to community work that I have been engaged in for a very long time; it allows me to centre imprisoned women and to take a critical, ethical approach to the research itself and work within the context of unceded territories and connecting with the groundwork that has been laid for decades, generations and millennia.

In what ways do you think the PhD experience can be re-imagined with the Public Scholars Initiative?

Working within the Public Scholars framework allows for a feminist, anti/non-colonial perspective to inform this work and which can benefit the community and not simply be one of extraction. Post-secondary education can be a means to transcend both physical and psycho-social limits that prison imposes. Significantly, for prison students, it can and should lead to a deeper questioning of the very structures and assumptions that leads to an emphasis on punishment over rehabilitation. In this way, PhDs can push boundaries and limits of what a PhD experience should be.

How do you envision connecting your PhD work with broader career possibilities?

I hope to contribute to the advancement of academic knowledge; I hope that Corrections Canada will consider opportunities for federal (and provincial) prisoners to have access to post-secondary education and to connect the academic community with those on the margins.

How does your research engage with the larger community and social partners?

This work engages the larger community in surprising ways and creates possibilities to engage academics and community groups with marginalized populations. Spaces of prison and of education do not necessarily overlap; the prison and the university operate at the bottom and top of the social hierarchy, respectively, and opportunities for engagement are often constrained by spatial, economic, gender and racialized structures of power. Yet, these institutions are beginning to intersect in surprising ways, in which spaces of education operate within the spaces of the prison.

How do you hope your work can make a contribution to the “public good”?

My Public Scholars award will contribute to the public good in numerous ways: it enhances academic-community engagement, experiential learning and involves social justice by connecting educators and their research to audiences beyond the academy; it connects the academic community with the prisoner community and reduces isolation, stigma and reconstitutes prisoners as ‘knowers’; the transformative potential of post-secondary education in prison not only prepares women for life after prison, but also to promote critical thinking despite, or in direct challenge to, the constraints of surveillance and control within the prison. Finally, the fastest growing prison population in Canada is Indigenous women; this research connects to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, and reflects upon the calls to action, specifically #65 (advance understanding of reconciliation), #7 (create strategies to eliminate educational & employment gaps between Aboriginal & non-Aboriginal Canadians), #10 (improve educational attainment levels & success rates, end the backlog of First Nations students seeking a post-secondary education).

Why did you decide to pursue a graduate degree?

My graduate degree builds on my activism within the prison abolition movement. This recent education outreach is the continuance and deepening of long-term relationships that I have formed with federally sentenced women; these in turn have immeasurably informed my personal and academic trajectories. In order that the university and the prison begin to intersect, it was important for me to return to university to obtain my degree in order to find ways to provide prisoner access to university courses.

Why did you choose to come to British Columbia and study at UBC?

UBC Geography is one of the few geography departments in North America that has faculty (ie my advisor, Dr Gerry Pratt) with interest and expertise in the new sub-disciplinary field of carceral geography; it is to this sub-discipline that I can bring a wealth of first-hand experience and knowledge. UBC is also engaged in new explorations in higher educational delivery, some of which may accelerate opportunities for post-secondary educational attainment among imprisoned women.

 

Being a Public Scholar means that I am able to work at the intersection of community-based research/practice and academia. Being a Public Scholar means being able to ‘fold’ my research in to community work that I have been engaged in for a very long time.