2021 Virtual Graduation

 

Congratulations to the more than 1,700 master's and doctoral students who have earned the right to cross the virtual stage this year. We wish you all of the very best in your future endeavours, and hope that you continue to share your successes with us as you launch your career!

The 2021 virtual graduation will be held on June 2, from 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. To tune in, visit the UBCV graduation website.  

G+PS will also be sharing all citations through the G+PS Twitter channel on June 2, beginning at 9:30 a.m., with tweets published every three minutes. 

 

Indigenous Graduation Celebration Spring 2021

On Saturday, May 29, 2021, starting at 11 a.m., the First Nations House of Learning is hosting a virtual graduation celebration to honour and recognize the educational achievements of participating Indigenous graduates. Learn more

 

Doctoral graduates reflect

Our doctoral graduates reflect on what reaching graduation means to them, and what they will miss the most of their doctoral journey. The responses below reflect the experiences and opinions of each doctoral graduate, as per the attribution. 

What does reaching graduation mean to you?

“I believe the PhD also stands for perseverance, hard work and dedication.” – Shawna Abel, PhD in Experimental Medicine

“Closing the chapter on the last 8 years (and not being degree-less)! Graduation has also been a time for me to reflect on what's been important to me to structure my own career path. Above all, it gives me a chance to look back and thank my family, supervisors, and colleagues for all their help in getting to this point.” – Allen Zhang, MDPhD

“Sometimes it doesn't feel real to me that I have graduated. When I defended my dissertation, it was a bit anticlimactic – especially as it was over Zoom. Officially graduating feels celebratory and helps me realize that I did actually finish and have earned my PhD.” – Mariko Sakamoto, PhD in Nursing

“This moment is possible because of the incredible community of mentors, colleagues, friends, relatives and ancestors that I have been surrounded by. Graduating has enabled me to reflect on how important this support and engagement has been.  I'm grateful to the many generations of powerful, brilliant women who have helped create the space for me to walk this path. It is especially significant that I was able to share so much of this journey with Rosemary Georgeson, who was a research collaborator throughout the dissertation. I'm grateful that in the end, Rose was able to reconnect with her family, and I was able to graduate!” – Jessica Hallenback, PhD in Geography

“More autonomy, more funding opportunities, more avenues to showcase research.” – David Twa, MDPhD

“It means I have overcome all of the challenges I encountered and deserve this victory to open the doors for new opportunities in life. It means I did not disappoint the trust and did not waste the support that has been given to me by the people who believed in me and supported me.” – Abdelmalik Aljalai, PhD in Electrical & Computer Engineering

“After eight years it is with a bittersweet taste that my MD/PhD journey at UBC comes to an end. My sincerest thank you to all of those who contributed to my success in science and medicine both directly and indirectly.

First and foremost, I owe particular thanks to my supervisor Dr. Timothy J Kieffer for his inspirational and supportive guidance. Whether in the form of a hallway chat, a 4-hour lab meeting, or a comment-peppered manuscript, I am grateful for your time to teach, challenge, and push me. Your mentorship has yielded lessons I will use for my entire career ahead.

I thank my supervisory committee members, past and present, Drs. Susanne Clee, Scott Covey, Jim Johnson, Bruce Verchere, and Garth Warnock for their support through challenging me, sharing their expertise, and guidance along the winding road to a PhD. A special thank you to Dr. Garth Warnock for sharing his guidance not only in committee meetings, but also for his generosity by taking the time to teach in the operating room. My gratitude to Dr. Jim Johnson for his consistent attention to detail and teaching the highest standards of scientific rigor.

Thank you to Dr. Scott Covey for always making the time to help and sharing his substantial experimental knowledge. My appreciation to Dr. Bruce Verchere for his expert guidance and consistent willingness to share resources, time, and support. Thank you to Dr. Susanne Clee for thinking outside the box and helping find unexpected solutions.

Thank you to all the members of the Kieffer lab for always asking the tough questions. I have been fortunate to work with many talented and kind graduate students, fellows, and technicians. To my fellow office-mates Chiara Toselli, Nelly Saber, Ursula Neumann, Anna D’Souza, and Blair Gage, thanks for always making time spent in the lab more fun and always taking the time to help. To Travis Webber, Ali Asadi, Robert Baker, Majid Mojibian, Maria Glavas, Cara Ellis, Sandra Pereira, and Shannon O’Dwyer, thanks for your teaching, guidance, assistance, and comradery. Thanks to Nazde Edeer for her hard work and thanks to the many others for their contributions to these studies.

Thank you to the UBC MD/PhD program for their professional and financial support, including the Vancouver Frasier Medical Program MD/PhD Scholarship. My gratitude to the Canadian Institutes of Health Research for funding support (Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship) and the other research agencies including Diabetes Canada that made doing this work possible.

To my parents, thank you for teaching me how to work hard and be happy along the way. I am not sure where I’d be without your example on how to make priorities and live life with moderation, but I am thankful for where it has taken me. I also must give a special thanks to Uncle Rehim for being my friend and teacher. You have always been a source of laughter and been there anywhere, and anytime. Thank you to Matt for being the truest friend one could hope to have and thank you to my sister Miriam for always being someone I can count on. I have been so fortunate to be surrounded by friends and family that have supported me throughout this journey. Finally, a thank you that could never be put into words – thank you to my wife Jessie. No matter the circumstance, you have been the unwavering piece of my life that is kind, positive, and generous. It is because of you that these past five years have been both productive and a sincerely happy phase of life. As I wrote in my dissertation, “[this] is dedicated to Jessie, for maximizing all that is good in life.” – Adam Ramzy, MDPhD

“Persistence! During my PhD, I had to pass through many challenges; Some of which, I was not sure if I can overcome at all. The only thing that helped me during those tough times was that I always told myself "just not give up, and do your best, Mahyad". So, I kept going. This persistence brought me this graduation!” – Mahyad Aghigh, PhD in Chemistry

“End of an old journey and start of a new one with the same destination.” – Yangfan Zhang, PhD in Applied Animal Biology

“It means that I completed a goal that was like climbing a mountain or running a marathon.  I started slowly and there were a few injuries along the way but my team of supporters, namely my supervisor, Dr. Deirdre Kelly, committee, Dr. Andre Mazawi and Dr. Hartej Gill, family and friends helped and cheered me to the end.  Now I am spraying the bubbly in the winner's circle.” – Keith Dormond, PhD in Educational Studies

 

“Graduating from the Ph.D. programme is a celebration of the fact that I had the opportunity to take on an exciting and unique journey to learn and grow.” – Alireza Shafaei, PhD in Computer Science

“Graduation is the culmination of years of dedication, hard work, and so many challenges. Reaching graduation has given me confidence that I can reach long-term research goals I have set for myself. I'm also the first to earn a PhD in our family, which makes graduation a very special moment for us.” – Emily Acheson, PhD in Geography

“The culmination of 5.5 years of hard work. Defeating hopelessness, stress, burnout, chaos, intimidation, and procrastination!” – Pooyan Kheirkhah, PhD in Mechanical Engineering

“Reaching graduation is a testimony to the great communities I am part of. I am blessed to be supported and to support others. I wouldn't have made it here without them! Especially my parents - any chance I get I want to honour the ways that they have demonstrated to me love, servanthood, leadership, kindness, diligence.” – Laura Bulk, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences

“Although this graduation marks the end of a very special period, I believe this is also the beginning of a new era where I can use everything I learned at UBC to contribute to the understanding and development of my country Peru. Coming from a small town from the northern coast of Peru where very few have the same opportunities as I did, earning a PhD degree reaffirms my commitment to support international scholars and students, particularly from developing nations, so their voices can be heard and have a broader impact in the world. Finally, my mother Lucrecia did and sacrificed everything so I could access education; hence, this graduation is also a tribute to her effort and immense love.” – Zarai Toledo Orozco, PhD in Political Science

“It means a lot to me. The PhD journey prepared me for facing many kinds of struggles in the future.” – Tsenguun Enkhbaatar, PhD in Economics

“I am grateful to earn a PhD, which means that I successfully reached the highest academic level through years of research and study. This is a special recognition to my scholarly competence, but this is just the beginning toward a life long journey of continuous learning and contributing to the advancement of our society through science and technology.” – Philip Wijaya, PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering

“PhD journey is a very personal and isolating, especially when none of your projects are team projects. Apart from being a researcher, you are your own manager, planner and time-keeper, which is even harder than it sounds. Finally reaching graduation not only is very relieving, but has re-established the self-confidence that had probably been waning towards the end of my PhD.” – Vikas Menghwani, PhD in Resource Management and Environmental Studies

“PhD graduation is a prominent milestone: end of the decade-long era of academia. It is a sad joyful moment, filled with intertwined senses of achievement with hints of sorrow as you say farewell to your beloved society of scholars, graduate students, and that faculty position you longed for quite some time.

My story resembles that of many cohorts: racing through opportunities year after year, meeting challenges, meeting deadlines, hitting goals… until one day, after what must have felt like a century, you find yourself “there”, right on the target. Suddenly life plateaus. All slows down. You review your life crossings... What could or should you have done differently? Did you enjoy life to its fullest? What did it all mean? Did it all go according to the master plan? Were you happy while pacing? Are you happy today? What does future bring?

Hence, for me, PhD graduation is the beginning of a new era. The era of self-reflection and navigating through life in a slower and steadier pace.” – Amir Abdi, PhD in Electrical & Computer Engineering

“I am looking forward to applying the skills I gained during my PhD to fresh challenges.” – Katharine Sedivy-Haley, PhD in Microbiology and Immunology

“It means successfully ending a long and tough journey. The end of this journey is unclear when you are in the middle of it. Many times, you are asking yourself why I am doing this. I love doing research but the stresses that are a part of PhD journey make the research less enjoyable.

So, given all these difficulties graduation means a lot!” – Maryam Mohtajeb, PhD in Biomedical Engineering

“The end of a long cycle of effort and sacrifice. It means my wife and family has been supporting me towards this huge accomplishment.” – Marcelo Mora, PhD in Zoology

“Graduation means a change of focus. Before defending my PhD and making the final revisions to my dissertation, I put all of my energy into just getting done.  That was in December.  Since then, I have had to find new things to focus on, such as my health, family responsibilities, short term job possibilities, and long-term career goals.” – Alice Palmer, PhD in Forestry

“I am proud and truly grateful to be graduating with my doctorate from UBC’s School of Kinesiology. I feel a sense of accomplishment that my research has highlighted the complexities of children’s independent mobility and provided supporting evidence for multi-level and multi-sectoral initiatives aimed at promoting childhood independent mobility. I look forward to the next step of my journey and giving back to the academic community – in terms of research, mentorship, support, and of course, free peer-reviewing!” – Negin Riazi, PhD in Kinesiology

“Reaching graduation will always remain a symbol of growth and hard work for me, no matter how far in the future I look back on it. It's a testament to being able to finish something I start, no matter how daunting.” – Riley Louie, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences

Looking back over the past several years, what will you miss most of your doctoral journey?

“My incredible team. We are a work family. They have made these the best years of my life.” – Shawna Abel, PhD in Experimental Medicine

“Definitely the friends, colleagues, and mentors that I worked with during the PhD portion of my degree. Despite the challenges along the way, doctoral studies were immensely rewarding. Sharing both my successes and failures with colleagues was what made my doctorate so memorable.” – Allen Zhang, MDPhD

“I was very fortunate to have an amazing supervisor! I'll really miss being her student. She will always be a mentor to me, although I am now excited to be her colleague and friend.” – Mariko Sakamoto, PhD in Nursing

“I'll miss having a curated list of which books and articles to read, I'll miss collaborating with other scholars, I'll miss the silence and joy of sitting and spending a whole day writing.” – Jessica Hallenback, PhD in Geography

“The relationship with my PI.” – David Twa, MDPhD

“I will miss being the same person who started his Ph.D. journey with the highest level of simplicity and spontaneity. I will miss the kind people who gave me support when I needed them. – Abdelmalik Aljalai, PhD in Electrical & Computer Engineering

“The scientific chit chats I used to have with my colleagues in our lab.” – Mahyad Aghigh, PhD in Chemistry

“Metaphorically speaking.  The running of the race, which was the research phases in terms of talking to professionals throughout Canada and working through that knowledge with my committee.  It was like eating a delicious cake that no one else had made.” – Keith Dormond, PhD in Educational Studies

“What I will miss the most about my doctoral journey is the ability to attend classes outside of my department and learn from world-class researchers at UBC.” – Alireza Shafaei, PhD in Computer Science

“During 2016, when I went on a North America tour (:D) - Waterloo, Kitchener, Toronto, Portland, Seattle, Baltimore, Washington, New York, Boston, and back home to Vancouver.” – Pooyan Kheirkhah, PhD in Mechanical Engineering

“The communities I have been part of. Some of them I will be able to continue with, some not. Being a doctoral student was an incredible privilege!” – Laura Bulk, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences

“I will miss having the opportunity to talk and work on projects with scholars from different faculties. Also, I will miss having an extraordinary library with an amazing view at my disposal to read about all kinds of subjects.” – Zarai Toledo Orozco, PhD in Political Science

“I will miss the perseverance and never-give-up mentality needed. Finishing PhD is like running a marathon in some sense.” – Tsenguun Enkhbaatar, PhD in Economics

“I will miss my interactions with all my supervisors, through which we had a fruitful discussion and collaboration, resulting in three publications in a four year of study.” – Philip Wijaya, PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering

“I'll miss the everyday hustles, yet I don't miss it a bit! That's the beauty of nostalgia for a time well invested despite its challenges.” – Amir Abdi, PhD in Electrical & Computer Engineering

“The UBC graduate student community - my colleagues in the lab, in the Graduate Student Society, and elsewhere on campus.” – Katharine Sedivy-Haley, PhD in Microbiology and Immunology

“I will really miss the camaraderie.  As grad students, sharing similar joys and struggles, we all supported one another.” – Alice Palmer, PhD in Forestry

“The doctoral journey has been a unique, challenging, and rewarding experience – one that I will not soon forget. What I will miss the most is the incredible support system at UBC in the School of Kinesiology. First and foremost, I will miss the Pop-PA Lab, my home for the past five years. I was fortunate to have an incredible and supportive supervisor and truly fantastic lab mates. Second, I will miss my mentors and colleagues at UBC who have been so generous with their time and their willingness to give advice and collaborate on projects. I will miss the other KIN grad students who made the ‘trials and tribulations’ of graduate school a shared experience; and who provided laughs, relief, advice, and camaraderie. And finally, I will miss the hardworking individuals in the School of KIN main office and Undergraduate Advising office who supported me during my time in the Kinesiology program.” – Negin Riazi, PhD in Kinesiology

“I will miss the easily accessible mentorship from colleagues, senior trainees, and principal investigators in one lab! And also, the flexible nature of being a graduate student will be missed as well.” – Riley Louie, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences

You are graduating in a difficult time. What gives you comfort or hope looking into the future?

“Amazing scientists, like the ones graduating this year, will continue to find solutions to the world's biggest problems.” – Shawna Abel, PhD in Experimental Medicine

“Seeing science drive such rapid innovation. Some incredible scientific advances have been made locally during the COVID-19 pandemic. Beyond that, the capacity for young scientists to drive change in the world is something I see in my colleagues every day through the ways they advocate for others.” – Allen Zhang, MDPhD

“I am heartened by the way we have all tried our best to adapt and find new ways to connect, work and live our lives during the pandemic. I am hopeful that some of the changes that the pandemic has forced to happen, will continue on afterwards - like people being able to work from home if that works well for them.” – Mariko Sakamoto, PhD in Nursing

“I got sick over the course of my degree and the support of my family and PI helped me through this. In this way, I have confidence knowing that I will be able to overcome obstacles in the future, in spite of my environment.” – David Twa, MDPhD

“My self-confidence and belief in the guidance of my God who was with me all of the difficult times. One of the bright lessons I have learned a new life gets birth and starts upon labor pains.” – Abdelmalik Aljalai, PhD in Electrical & Computer Engineering

“The fact that I don't know what's waiting for me in the future is my motivation to look forward to the next days! I believe "easy" and "difficult" are simply our interpretation of what's happening around us! The life is what it is; let's just experience it and enjoy this journey with all its "ups" and "downs". This school of thought is what always gives me hope looking into the future.” – Mahyad Aghigh, PhD in Chemistry

“I am comforted by a sense of humanity that remains under all our different values, beliefs, and knowledge.   We saw this happen with the murder of George Floyd.  For one of the first times in history, we saw a sense of humanity shine through and police officers and citizens of all races and religions internationally join together in denouncing this crime.  I am hopeful that we will continue to come together to condemn and fight racial, religious, sexual injustice and other forms of oppression.   “– Keith Dormond, PhD in Educational Studies

“Life has been fun in school. Looking into the future, I'm excited about everything else life has to offer.” – Alireza Shafaei, PhD in Computer Science

 

“That Canada is going to be my home! That we are going to defeat COVID! That we are going to defeat racism! That we are going to defeat global warming! That we live in peace and harmony on Earth!” – Pooyan Kheirkhah, PhD in Mechanical Engineering

“I think that we have learned a lot during this time, and I have hope that we might not forget these lessons. In some ways, access and inclusion have increased for many folks during these times.” – Laura Bulk, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences

“During the last years of my PhD I have worked at UBC teaching. This job gave me a chance to interact daily with students and see how they approached the current context. It was also an opportunity to support each other regardless of where we were and be thankful for being able to continue studying. Seeing students' strength and drive despite the adversity has convinced me that humans have the capacity to achieve whatever they aim if they understand each other not as individuals but as a community where we look after the other. This gives me hope.” – Zarai Toledo Orozco, PhD in Political Science

“Humanity always faced difficult times like this, but somehow always managed to survive and go further. I think this pandemic prepared us for the future and humanity will keep prospering in my opinion.” – Tsenguun Enkhbaatar, PhD in Economics

“I trust that, while we are patient and keep doing our best, all things work together for our good. As long as we are alive, there is always hope for the brighter future.” – Philip Wijaya, PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering

“With the luxury of a roof above your head, access to hot/cold water, energy, food, and healthcare, calling it “difficult times” is an over-kill. The "difficulties" in life are all relative. It is relatively a challenging time for all of us, in and outside of the developed world; yet, compared to a single day life of a Palestinian living under occupation of an apartheid regime, the pandemic is nothing to worry about.” – Amir Abdi, PhD in Electrical & Computer Engineering

“I hope politicians and organizations that are responsible for allocating budget in a country or society have learnt a lesson from this pandemic. I hope they learnt that science and research are so essential and the only way of rescuing/saving human kinds.  I hope they allocate more money to the research compare to the budget that they allocate to other things such as military and fuelling the war instead of peace and to save planet and all the species living in it.” – Maryam Mohtajeb, PhD in Biomedical Engineering

“This is not the first time I have been out of work in a recession.  I survived it the last time (2009), and I'll survive it this time.

My own experiences with cyclical layoffs have motivated me to study cyclicality as a factor influencing corporate turnaround strategies.  It is a topic largely ignored by the extant business management literature, so I hope to make it part of my life's work. 

I'll get there eventually.  One step at a time.” – Alice Palmer, PhD in Forestry

“These unprecedented times have been challenging to say the least: long-distances from family and friends, absence of that social support, and adjustment to life in a pandemic. COVID has taught us that life can change quickly, and not always for the better. But, it’s also taught us a lot of lessons: the importance of resiliency, flexibility, family/friends, and communities that support and value independent mobility and time outdoors. It’s one step in front of the other until we move forward and past the difficult times.” – Negin Riazi, PhD in Kinesiology

“The doctorate reminds me that dedication and perseverance are skills that I can rely on, even in difficult times. I am excited to explore and seek out opportunities that interest me, and I think that mindset is important regardless of external circumstances.” – Riley Louie, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences

Doctoral Citations

A doctoral citation summarizes the nature of the independent research, provides a high-level overview of the study, states the significance of the work and says who will benefit from the findings in clear, non-specialized language, so that members of a lay audience will understand it. Pre-filtered lists of citations exist in each graduate degree program and Faculty profile.
Citation Program Faculty
Dr. McDiarmid investigated the function of genes and functional impact of genetic variants implicated in Autism Spectrum Disorder. By developing gene editing methods to insert variants into an animal model and quantifying the effects on brain and behavior using machine vision, Dr. McDiarmid identified deficits in habituation as a common impairment. Doctor of Philosophy in Neuroscience (PhD) Faculty of Medicine
Dr. McKay explored housing, building, and neighbourhood influences on the experience of "home" for long-term tenants of Vancouver's Downtown Eastside. Her research highlighted housing and service needs of people with housing, and showed the benefits of a supportive service environment where tenants can feel in control of their lives. Doctor of Philosophy in Population and Public Health (PhD) Faculty of Medicine
Dr. McMahen studied methods for reclaiming forest ecosystems after mining. She showed that application of fresh forest soil, proximity to undisturbed forest, and planting of specific native plant species can promote recovery of beneficial soil microbes and improve plant establishment. Her research contributes to improving reclamation best practices. Doctor of Philosophy in Forestry (PhD) Faculty of Forestry
Dr. Melton studied how developing a sense of wonder in pre-service teachers influenced their ideas about science and science teaching. She found that exposure to wonder-inducing activities shifted the views and values of pre-service teachers towards science both in and out of the classroom and fostered a stronger connection with nature. Doctor of Philosophy in Curriculum Studies (PhD) Faculty of Education
Dr. Mendler developed a novel reliability-based method to determine the minimum structural damages that can be detected and localized based on ambient structural vibrations. This framework allows engineers to evaluate the performance of existing instrumentation on bridges, and to optimize the sensor placement for earthquake-specific damages Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering (PhD) Faculty of Applied Science
Dr. Michalowski found that fluctuating emotions are linked with both concurrent and longitudinal health in older couples. Her findings illuminate everyday emotional dynamics that shape interconnected aging trajectories in spouses. Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology (PhD) Faculty of Arts
Dr. Mills studied farmer decision-making and the role of their advisors to improve the welfare of dairy cows. The goal of this work is to help farmers better manage their businesses and improve the lives of the animals under their care. Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Animal Biology (PhD) Faculty of Land and Food Systems
Dr. Milner studied the importance of education in 19th century Britain, showing the positive effects of publicly provided schools and of child labour legislation on the economic prospects of children. His work demonstrates that targeted public intervention can improve social mobility and insure against economic shocks. Doctor of Philosophy in Economics (PhD) Faculty of Arts
Dr. Mohtajeb used open MRI to study anterior femoroacetabular impingement, a condition that occurs with subtle bony abnormalities within the hip. She developed and validated a hip model using MRI and motion data and used it to predict impingement during level walking, helping us understand how bony deformities cause hip pain and osteoarthritis. Doctor of Philosophy in Biomedical Engineering (PhD) Faculty of Applied Science
Dr. Moisseeva's work focused on improving our understanding of how wildfire smoke spreads in the atmosphere. She developed a method for estimating how high above the Earth's surface smoke from wildfires will rise. Her findings help improve the accuracy of air quality models and reduce negative smoke impacts for downwind communities. Doctor of Philosophy in Atmospheric Science (PhD) Faculty of Science
Dr. Montenegro Alonso studied a specific small protein that is secreted by the smut fungus when it infects barley. She revealed its timing of expression, localization in the plant and the role it plays in weakening the plant defenses. These findings can be used to better understand plant-fungal interactions and to develop resistant crop varieties. Doctor of Philosophy in Botany (PhD) Faculty of Science
Dr. Moon used comics as a theoretical and formal intervention to explore perspectival shifts between science and literature in early 20th-century Britain. Her format-bending research revealed how works by Arthur Eddington, James Jeans, Olaf Stapledon, and Virginia Woolf moved beyond singular, Earth-centered, and human-centered perspectives. Doctor of Philosophy in Interdisciplinary Studies (PhD) Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies
Dr. Mora studied how DNA is taken up from the environment by two bacteria that are characterized as Gram-negative based on the characteristics of their cellular walls. His analysis was able to predict DNA uptake and explain several factors that influence this process. Doctor of Philosophy in Zoology (PhD) Faculty of Science
Dr. Morrice investigated how toxins and risk genes may cause the motor neuron degeneration underlying ALS, a neurodegenerative disease. She identified regulatory elements of gene expression enhancers as novel ALS risk factors. This research provides insight into ALS causal factors which may translate to future therapeutic interventions. Doctor of Philosophy in Experimental Medicine (PhD) Faculty of Medicine
Dr. Morrison examined how temperature affects the binding of oxygen by haemoglobin in warm-bodied fishes such as opah, swordfish, and common thresher shark. He found that the haemoglobin of these fish have lower sensitivity to temperature than most animals. This comparative study contributes to understanding the convergent evolution of haemoglobin. Doctor of Philosophy in Zoology (PhD) Faculty of Science
Dr. Nelson showed that predation by marine mammals may have a significant impact on the survival of young salmon in the Salish Sea. He then evaluated several management actions that could promote the recovery of salmon, which is critical information for various stakeholders in Canada and the United States. Doctor of Philosophy in Zoology (PhD) Faculty of Science
Dr. Nguyen investigated the characteristics of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells, which are believed to play a significant role in maintaining and regulating blood stem cells. Deletion of the Hic1 gene was found to expand these cells and further increase the number of blood stem cells, findings that offer great promise to stem cell therapy. Doctor of Philosophy in Genome Science and Technology (PhD) Faculty of Science
Dr. Nickason examines Canada's efforts to give effect to First Nations' rights of self-determination and self-government. She demonstrates that cultural differences, in the ways First Nations and settler societies conceive of legitimacy, have undermined our capacity to negotiate new arrangements to give effect to these rights. Doctor of Philosophy in Law (PhD) Peter A. Allard School of Law
Dr. Orihara examined the evolution of trust, cooperation, and altruism in early modern Japan. Documenting the transition from covenants with Japanese deities to more secular based contracts, her work tied the role of trust to debates of early modernity. Doctor of Philosophy in Asian Studies (PhD) Faculty of Arts
Dr. Ou examined the associations between maternal-infant sleep quality and maternal anger and depression. She also advanced a grounded theory about how mothers develop and manage anger in the first two years after childbirth. Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (PhD) Faculty of Applied Science
Dr. Ouyang showed how the number of participants needed in a clinical trial can be reduced by making use of information from outside the trial, by changing how people are assigned to the treatment groups, and by improving the way the data are analyzed. Doctor of Philosophy in Population and Public Health (PhD) Faculty of Medicine
Dr. Pajot studied Edith Wharton's authorship through her magazine publications and their subsequent book revisions, and examined the literary strategies Wharton employed to navigate American literature in the early 20th century. These strategies allowed Wharton to cater to various audiences and to become a commercially-successful and serious author. Doctor of Philosophy in English (PhD) Faculty of Arts
Dr. Paquin-Lefebvre became an expert in dynamical systems theory during his PhD. He analyzed the pattern-forming dynamics of novel mathematical models motivated by the compartmentalization of cellular proteins. His thesis contains the first systematic derivation of amplitude equations near a variety of spatio-temporal instabilities in such models. Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematics (PhD) Faculty of Science
Dr. Paterson explored how educators in Alberta engage with queer, trans, and gender non-conforming diversity in elementary education. Her findings illustrate the limitations of current approaches to change in schools. Her work contributes to a better schooling future for queer and trans students, thereby improving conditions for all students. Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Studies (PhD) Faculty of Education
Dr. Pena studied the bacteria that causes tuberculosis and how it interacts with the human host cell, the macrophage, during infection. Her research resulted in the discovery of a group of compounds that help the macrophage eliminate the tuberculosis bacteria. These compounds could potentially be developed into a novel therapy for tuberculosis. Doctor of Philosophy in Microbiology and Immunology (PhD) Faculty of Science

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